Drumroll Please: How to Dominate Your Next Jazz Drum Solo with These Pro Tips!

Apr 19 / Von Baron
Jazz drumming is one of the coolest and most enjoyable forms of drumming out there. It’s all about collective creativity within the band.  We get to be super creative as we connect with the other musicians through our drums.

One of the most exciting parts of Jazz drumming is soloing.  In this article, I'll share some tips and tricks for Jazz drum soloing to get your solos happening. 

The Role of the Jazz Drum Solo

Before diving into the mechanics of Jazz drum soloing, it's important to understand the role of the drum solo in the context of Jazz music.

Drum solos are a chance for the drummer to express themselves and share their individuality within the band. They're also a continuation of the musical conversation already happening in the song.

While we can show our unique musical voice, we have to always stay on topic during our solos and contribute to the music in constructive ways.

Building a Strong Foundation

To play great drum solos, you will of course need a solid foundation in basic drumming techniques. This includes mastering drumming rudiments, developing a strong sense of time and rhythm, and honing your improvisational skills.

Practicing with recordings of your favorite Jazz drummers is a great way to start understanding the structure and nuance of Jazz drum solos. 

Trading Fours and Eights

One type of Jazz drum soloing is trading fours and eights.  This is an exciting opportunity to take turns trading four and eight-measure solos with other members of the band.  We often build on the ideas of the previous player's solo and again, continue that musical conversation.

Trading fours and eights adds spontaneity and excitement to a Jazz music performance, and it's an excellent opportunity for drummers to join in the fun.

The key to getting better at trading fours and eights, is listening closely to the other musicians and integrate your solo into the larger musical conversation.

As I said before, practicing with recordings of your favorite Jazz tunes is great.  Pay close attention to the other musicians' solos and listen how the drummer finds ways to build on those musical ideas.

Remember, trading fours and eights is all about collaboration and communication, so be sure to listen closely to what the other musicians are playing and respond in kind.

A great practice tool for learning to trade fours and eights is my Trading Fours and Eights drumless practice tracks collection. They'll definitely improve your timing and creativity. 
Enroll in my Jazz Drumming Secrets Course and unlock the mysteries of jazz drum soloing!

Motivic Soloing and Creating a Narrative

Two more types of Jazz drum soloing are Chorus drum solos and open drum solos. Both of these turn out much better if you use motives or think of a narrative.

Chorus drum solos are when we play a drum solo over the song form of the tune. For example if it's a 32-measure AABA song form, we will fit our ideas into that song structure. 

Using motives or short 1-2 measure rhythmic ideas to build your solo like Legos is a great way to go for chorus drum solos. You can also think of a narrative like telling a story with your drums.

Open drum solos are open-ended. We just keep creating until we're done. Sometimes we'll just play by ourselves and other times the band may play a vamp (repeated musical phrase) behind our solo. Both motives and narratives work great for open solos. 

One compelling narrative I use often in open drum solos is to think of a spacious quiet beginning, climactic middle and a conclusion that connects back to the song.  You can of course create your narrative any way you like.

Just be sure to have loads of dynamic contrast, space, textures and slow and fast playing to keep it interesting for the band and the audience. 

Listening and Responding

Jazz is a collaborative art form, and drum soloing is no exception. It's important to listen to and respond to the other musicians in the ensemble. This means you'll need to pay close attention to their rhythms, melodies, and phrasing.

It's then good to incorporate some of their ideas into your solo. Playing off of what the other musicians are doing will help you come up with solo ideas, make your solo more interesting and will help create a sense of unity and cohesiveness within the music.

Experimentation and Risk-Taking

Finally, one of the most important aspects of Jazz drum soloing is experimentation and risk-taking. Don't be afraid to try new things and take chances.  I always say at gigs, "If I didn't fall on my face at least once, I'm not playing Jazz."

Be willing to push the boundaries of what you think are possible. Remember, Jazz is 100% about improvisation and conversation, so embrace your creativity and let it flow through those drums.


Jazz drum soloing is a tons of fun and just plain feels great. So my advice is to start out learning how to trade fours and eights.  Next, move on to playing chorus solos and finally open drum solos.  Use those motives, create narratives, listen to the other musicians and respond to their musical ideas. 

Be sure to also take risks and fall on your face. You'll push both yourself and the music you are making to a higher place. Have fun soloing and keep swinging my friend!
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